Scientific and Technical Review

The Scientific and Technical Review (ISSN: 1608-0637) is a peer-reviewed periodical publication that plays a significant role in fulfilling the objectives of the World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH). It contains in-depth studies devoted to current scientific and technical developments in animal health and veterinary public health worldwide, food safety and animal welfare.

Articles can be written in any of the three official languages of our Organisation, namely: English, French or Spanish. All articles submitted in French or in Spanish are translated into English, and both versions are published in the Review. All article summaries are always published in all three languages.

There have been a considerable number of excellent [Scientific and Technical] Reviews.’

British Veterinary Journal

The Review is indexed in numerous databases, including Medline, CABI databases and Clarivate Analytics Web of Science.

The Editorial Board of WOAH’s Scientific and Technical Review is appointed by and reports to the WOAH Director General. It monitors and fosters the quality and impact of the Scientific and Technical Review by advising on strategic- and content-related issues to ensure the scientific relevance and integrity of the Review.

Chair of the Editorial Board:

  • Montserrat Arroyo, WOAH HQ

Editorial Board members:

  • Jean-Luc Angot, France
  • Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Alicia Gallardo, Chile
  • Misheck Mulumba, South Africa
  • Kiyokazu Murai, Japan
  • Fajur Sabah Al Saloom, Bahrain
  • Katharina Staerk, Switzerland

Online Bookstore

Back issues available to print in the Online Bookstore



  • Vol. 43 Global Burden of Animal Diseases (forthcoming)
  • special issue (hors série) for WOAH’s centenary commemoration (forthcoming)




Please note that vol. 39 (3) was the last plurithematic issue of the Scientific and Technical Review.





All previous issues of the Scientific and Technical Review are available via open access in our Documentary Portal.

Documentary Portal


Please note that vol. 39 (3) will be the last plurithematic issue of the Scientific and Technical Review and spontaneous submissions are currently closed.

Aims and scope of the Review

The Review is the principal scientific and technical publication of WOAH and it helps to fulfil one of the key objectives of the Organisation, namely: to collect, analyse and disseminate veterinary scientific information.

The Review presents a variety of information on veterinary activities, notably those that involve international cooperation in the fields of both animal and public health.

Another objective of the Review is to inform readers of the activities of the Organisation and of its Members.

The Review is indexed in numerous databases, including MedlineCABI databases, and ISI Thompson Web of Knowledge.


Issues are devoted to a specific theme, an internationally renowned expert is invited to act as editor, and specialists in the field are asked to contribute papers, thereby providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the topic under discussion.

Conditions for accepting manuscripts

Contributors to the Review undertake to submit articles which have not been published elsewhere, either in part or in full, and which do not require prior authorisation for publication by WOAH. In submitting a manuscript, the authors agree for the copyright of their article to be transferred to WOAH if and when the article is accepted for publication (the Publications Unit will, however, consider all requests made by authors for permission to reproduce articles).

Manuscripts may be submitted in any one of the three official languages of WOAH: English, French or Spanish. Authors not writing in their primary language are encouraged to seek professional editorial assistance prior to submitting their manuscript.

Upon submission of the paper to the Publications Unit, the author receives immediate notification of its receipt. The manuscript is then sent for peer review. This process is overseen by the issue editors but the Publications Unit will be the point of contact between the author, editors and reviewers.

When the article is accepted, it is revised by a copy editor, who will contact the author about any changes made to the manuscript. A response from authors within a week is essential at this stage.

Once the paper has been laid out, the corresponding author will receive a copy for final approval. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all co-authors agree with the changes made prior to publication.

If the article is written in English, the final version will include summaries in French and Spanish. If it is written in French, the article will be translated into English and will include a summary in Spanish. Similarly, if the article is written in Spanish, it will be translated into English and will include a summary in French.

Presentation of manuscripts

Authors should send their manuscript by e-mail to: [email protected]

All pages should be numbered and the various sections should be arranged in the following order:

1. Title, names and addresses of authors
2. Summary and keywords
3. Text
4. Acknowledgements (if applicable)
5. References
6. Tables
7. Figures.

Guidelines are given below for the preparation of manuscripts. For concrete examples, authors are invited to consult a recent issue of the Review.

1. Title, names and addresses of authors

The title should be concise (no more than 70 characters) and should not contain abbreviations. Standard terminology should be used in the title to facilitate information retrieval and indexing; for example, ‘Epidemiological survey of blackleg in cattle in France’ (topic, disease, species, country).

The family names of authors should be preceded by their initials and followed by a superscript bracketed Arabic number. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and an email address supplied. The full address of each author should be given below the list of names, as follows:

H. Jones (1), M.L. Smith (2) & M. Webber (2)*

(1) Department of Animal Studies, Centre for Environmental Research, 12 Wellbeck Street, London WI SO4, United Kingdom
(2) Institute of Veterinary Research, 4 Portsmouth Road, Southampton SO4 6NW, United Kingdom
* Corresponding author: 
[email protected]

2. Summary and keywords

The summary should provide an outline of the entire text, including the principal findings and conclusions. It should be written in the original language and not exceed 250 words. WOAH will have the summaries translated into the other two official languages of the Organisation. Five to ten keywords should be provided after the summary.

3. Text

Manuscripts should not exceed 4,000 words (14 to 16 typed pages). When an author wishes to submit a paper of greater length, agreement should first be sought from the editor. Unnecessarily long paragraphs should be avoided. In general, paragraphs should not be longer than 200 words (or 20 lines). Experimental work and epidemiological studies should be presented using the following standard lay-out: introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusions and references.

Units of measurement should be expressed using the metric system and, where appropriate, SI units. New diagnostic methods should be described in sufficient detail (e.g. reference standard, nature of the antiserum or antigen, specificity, sensitivity, etc.). Well-known methods, or those already described in an international journal or review, should be mentioned and referenced.

Veterinary drugs, reagents and laboratory materials should be referred to in the text by the generic name (and, only if necessary, the commercial name).

Abbreviations and acronyms should be defined the first time they are used. Footnotes cannot be used; all details should be incorporated in the main text.

Tables and figures should be mentioned in the text at the place where the author wishes them to be included.

Authors are asked to refer to the most recent international nomenclature published by recognised international scientific societies. The names of all species referred to in the text must be followed by their Latin name in brackets and in italics.

Useful reference works include:

Mammal Species of the World, Third Edition, 2005, Johns Hopkins University Press

Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World, 1991, Yale University Press

Virus Taxonomy – Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses – Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, 2011, Elsevier

List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature – Available at:

The Index of Bacterial and Yeast Nomenclatural Changes, 1992.

4. Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements may be made to persons who have contributed substantially to the article. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from the persons acknowledged by name.

5. References

Authors can access WOAH reference style using reference management software.

– EndNote

From the list of styles offered by your software, select ‘Scientific and Technical Review’.

For Zotero, if the list has not been updated recently, you can download the style here:

– Zotero, Mendeley and Papers

From the list of styles offered by your software, select ‘World Organisation for Animal Health – Scientific and Technical Review’.

If the list has not been updated recently, you can download the style here:

References to the literature should be made by number and enclosed in brackets. They should be numbered in order of citation. References in tables and figures should be numbered as though the tables and figures were part of the text, i.e. they should continue the sequence of numbers in the text at the point where the table is first mentioned. All published documents that are referred to in the text, tables or figures must be included in the reference list. The numbered references should be listed in order of citation.

For an article on research, it is recommended that the number of references be limited to fifty. For review articles this number may be doubled.

Authors are requested to verify the accuracy of all references before submitting the paper and to check that all of these have been cited in the text. The names of journals and reviews should be abbreviated unambiguously. If in doubt, the full title should be given. For examples of title abbreviations and the bibliographical format used in the Review, authors are advised to consult the reference sections of recent issues.

Unpublished data and personal communications should be referred to in the body of the text and not in the list of references. Authors are required to obtain approval from sources quoted as unpublished data and personal communications before the paper is submitted for publication.

References to WOAH standards (e.g. the Terrestrial Animal Health Code) should be listed under ‘W’ for World Organisation for Animal Health, for example:

World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) (2016). – Terrestrial Animal Health Code, 24th Ed. OIE, Paris. Available at: (accessed on 23 March 2016).

Each reference should list the names – followed by the initials – of all authors, the year of publication, the full title of the article, the journal name, the volume number, the issue number, the page numbers and, when possible, the digital object identifier (DOI), as shown in the examples below.

  •  Article from a journal or review:

Narrod C., Zinsstag J. & Tiongco M. (2012). – A one health framework for estimating the economic costs of zoonotic diseases on society. EcoHealth9 (2), 150–162. doi:10.1007/s10393-012-0747-9.

Morse S.S. (2004). – Factors and determinants of disease emergence. In Emerging zoonoses and pathogens of public health concern (L.J. King, ed.). Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz.23 (2), 443–451.

  •  Article in press:

de La Rocque S., Caya F. […] & Chungong S. (2019). – One Health within the International Health Regulations Monitoring and Evaluation Framework. In Successes and remaining challenges within the One Health approach (C. Barton Behravesh & J.R. Sinclair, eds). Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., 38 (1) (in press). doi:10.20506/rst.38.1.2962.

  •  Chapter of a book or conference report (for conference reports, please include the name and location of the publisher as well as the dates and location of the conference):

Read P., Cousins C. & Murray R. (1992). – Assessment of the immunogenicity of different strains of Bacteroides nodosusln Proc. 4th Symposium on sheep diseases (P. Morris & G. Roberts, eds), 12–14 February 1991, Paris. Vigier, Paris, 894–897.

– Book or published report (please include a website address for online reports):

Global Food Safety Partnership (GFSP) (2019). – Food safety in Africa: past endeavors and future directions. GFSP, Washington DC, United States of America, 84 pp. Available at: Africa-web.pdf (accessed on 17 January 2020).

  •  When citing information obtained from the Internet, authors are requested to include a DOI. If no DOI exists, please include a link to the web page where the document can be consulted and include the date on which the information was accessed. Internet references should refer to a particular document or to specific data. (NB: Website addresses provided for general information should be included in the body of the text, not in the reference section.) References to web pages must include a publishing date:

World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH) (2016). – Risks associated with the use of antimicrobials in animals worldwide. WOAH, Paris. Available at: (accessed on 20 April 2016).

  •  References to electronic versions of paper publications should, where possible, be treated as any other paper publication and include the usual publishing details in addition to the Web address:

European Commission (EC) (2006). – Commission Decision of 14 November 2006 concerning minimum requirements for the collection of information during the inspections of production sites on which certain animals are kept for farming purposes Off. J. Eur. UnionL 314, 39–47. Available at: (accessed on 15 March 2013).

6. Tables

Tables should be given titles and assigned Roman numerals. Each table should be presented on a separate page at the end of the text. All columns should be headed, with individual values replaced, as far as possible, by mean values and standard deviations. Notes, comments or explanations relating to numerical values should be indicated using superscript letters (e.g. (a)(b)(c)(d)) and table footnotes. Abbreviations which are not widely used should be explained. Tables should illustrate, not duplicate, information in the text.

7. Figures

The use of figures is strongly encouraged if they provide additional information not already contained in the text. Photographs (digital or traditional), graphs, diagrams, drawings and maps are all considered figures. They should be numbered using Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text.

Digital photographs should be sent in one of the following formats: .jpg, .tiff or .eps. They should be between 455 and 2,055 pixels wide (8.35 cm – 17.4 cm) and have a resolution of no less than 300 pixels per inch (dpi). Graphs can only be accepted if submitted as an Excel® or PowerPoint® document (giving the data used to create the figures as well as the figure itself). Diagrams, drawings and maps should ideally be submitted in a format which allows for the figures to be edited, i.e. .eps, .ai (Illustrator®) or .fr (Freehand®). Figures that cannot be edited can still be accepted, but only if the resolution is the same quality as that of a digital photograph, i.e. 300 dpi.

Each figure should be sent in a separate file and the corresponding title should be presented on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Titles should be self-explanatory and legends must fully explain the figure, so that the need to refer back to the text is minimised. The subject, site and date should be given, where possible. This information can be completed by providing units, sources and explanatory notes. Maps should include the scale.

The papers on this page are available online prior to being published in the Scientific and Technical Review. They have been peer-reviewed but have not yet been formatted for publication. They are listed in the order in which they were accepted for publication and are presented in their original language of submission.

Centenary – special edition

Thematic vol. 43

Thematic vol. 42

Thematic vol. 41 (1)