What is the Observatory?
Developing international standards for animal health and welfare based on the latest scientific information lies at the heart of our mandate. Our standards are not legally binding. Yet, when our Members vote for their adoption at the WOAH annual General Session, they commit to translating them into their national legislation.
This being said, the implementation of our standards at country level can involve challenges, such as the lack of financial, human resources or the relevant infrastructures. As a matter of fact, the extent to which they are put into practice remains unclear. To have an insight into the uptake of international standards by our Members, a new programme has been established: the Observatory.
The Observatory is a continuous and systematic mechanism designed to analyse the implementation of our international standards by using information regularly collected by various activities, as well as external sources.
This monitoring framework will eventually increase the engagement of our Members and key stakeholders in compliance with the standards. Following a testing phase, the first Observatory outputs were published in 2022 whereas the programme is expected to reach full speed in 2025.
A data-driven approach for stronger animal health systems
Today’s digital revolution has opened a whole new world of possibilities to improve the sustainability of animal health systems. At the same time, the need for data has never been greater. Reliable data support national authorities and the international community in risk management and evidence-based decision-making. This is a key asset for building stronger terrestrial and aquatic animal health systems worldwide and achieving improved global health.
The Observatory is a data-driven programme as well as a key component of our digital transformation. The quality of the data provided by our Members and collected from external sources will allow the identification of specific needs for each country and suggest improvements in the Organisation’s standard-setting process as well as other relevant activities.
The Observatory also contributes to demonstrating the value of a rule-based international system, in a context where it is challenged. By increasing transparency on the standards’ uptake, the Observatory supports the progressive harmonisation of national sanitary rules to protect animal health and welfare as well as international trade. The mechanism will therefore prove beneficial to governments, the private sector and civil society alike.
Why monitor the implementation of standards?
To better support our Members in a global context where cross-border issues are becoming increasingly complex, threatening the erosion of trust between trading partners, the Observatory’s reports on how its international standards are put into practice.
Monitoring the implementation of Standards pursues various purposes:
Identifying what challenges our Members face in implementing standards
Supporting Members in their efforts to put standards into practice
Identifying success stories around standards and promoting their implementation
Ensuring that standards are fit for purpose by taking the findings back into the standard-setting process
Identifying areas of improvement and proposing solutions to processes or services offered to Members that may not be fully answering their needs
How does the Observatory work?
- Retrieving data from existing data sets (internal or external)
- Gathering new, ad hoc data when relevant
- Cleaning data
- Selecting indicators
- Annually measuring indicators and trends
- Progressively refining indicators
Drawing evidence-based decisions
- Understanding the challenges faced by our Members in implementing standards
- Evaluating the relevance and efficiency of standards
- Identifying gaps in the implementation of standards and in the suitability of our processes and services.
- Making concrete recommendations
- Using data visualisation to present intelligence that can inform decision-making, while preserving confidentiality
- Encouraging better quality data submission
Rolling out strategies
- Enhancing the data management system and our services
- Identifying capacity building needs to strengthen standards implementation
The Annual Report: one of the key deliverables from the Observatory
The Annual Report presents a systematic overview of the implementation of a broad selection of WOAH standards at global level. The findings presented in the document provide valuable insights into WOAH’s processes and Members’ adherence to standards. They also raise awareness of some of the existing gaps in the implementation of standards and offer a number of recommendations for both the Organisation and its Members.
Discover here our Annual Report, alongside the dashboards and executive summaries related to each of its section.
Implementation of standards: the Observatory Annual ReportThe international standards developed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH, founded as OIE) contribute to the improvement of animal health, animal welfare and veterinary public health, and facilitate safe trade while avoiding unjustified trade barriers. It is of major importance to understand the level of implementation of WOAH standards and identify barriers to implementation.Discover
The thematic studies: a complementary approach to gain insights on the implementation of WOAH standards
In addition to the Annual Report, the Observatory conducts thematic studies each focusing on a different priority topic for the Organisation and our Members, such as a particular disease, standard or topic of interest. The thematic studies collect and use new data to provide a more detailed understanding on the level of implementation of one or more standards and, above all, the challenges our Members may face when implementing them. This allows us to identify the specific needs of our Members and propose targeted recommendations to meet them.
WOAH (OIE) Panorama 2021-2 – Observatory: pathway from vision to reality
86th General Session Resolution – Implementation of WOAH standards by Member Countries: state of play and specific capacity building needs
OECD Study – Strengthening the Implementation of International Standards