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  • Disease Terrestrials


    Overview What is SARS-CoV-2?  SARS-CoV-2, the agent that causes COVID-19 in humans, is a betacoronavirus – a genus that includes several coronaviruses (SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, bat SARS-like CoV, and others) isolated from humans, bats, camels, civets,…

  • Disease

    MPox (monkeypox)

    Overview What is mpox (monkeypox)? Mpox (Monkeypox) is a viral zoonotic disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus that occurs in animals primarily in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa and is…

  • Multiple species

    Disease Terrestrials, Multiple species


    Overview What is rabies? Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system of mammals (dogs, cats, foxes etc.), including humans. The rabies virus is particularly present in the saliva and brain of…

  • Disease Terrestrials, Avian

    Avian Influenza

    Overview What is avian influenza? Avian influenza is a highly contagious viral disease that affects both domestic and wild birds. Avian influenza viruses have also been isolated, although less frequently, from mammalian species, including humans.…

  • Disease Terrestrials, Bovine

    Bovine tuberculosis

    What is bovine tuberculosis? Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic bacterial disease of animals caused by members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex primarily by M. bovis, but also by M. caprae and to a lesser…

  • Disease Terrestrials, Bovine

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia

    General Information What is Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia? Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a disease of cattle and water buffalo caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. Mycoides (M. mycoides). As the name suggests, it attacks the lungs…

  • Multiple species

    Disease Terrestrials, Multiple species


    Overview The history of Rinderpest Reports point to the origins of Rinderpest in Central Asia and its rapid spread to the rest of the continent and across Europe, following trade and migration routes. The disease was also reported in the Americas and Australia, with a…

  • Sheep and goat

    Disease Terrestrials, Sheep and goats

    Peste des petits ruminants

    General Information What is PPR? Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease, caused by a morbillivirus closely related to rinderpest virus, which affects goats, sheep, and some wild relatives of domesticated small ruminants,…

  • Multiple species

    Disease Terrestrials, Multiple species

    Q fever

    What is Q fever? Q fever is a widespread disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii, which is able to infect mammals, birds, reptiles and arthropods. It causes a mild disease in ruminants, but can…

  • Multiple species

    Disease Terrestrials, Multiple species


    Transmission and spread Infected animals shed the bacterium in manure, colostrum, and milk. Infection is most commonly acquired in young animals through contamination of the environment or ingestion of contaminated milk from an infected cow.…