Technical Disease Card

Filoviruses (Infection with)

Filoviruses are enveloped, non-segmented, negative-sense, single-stranded RNA, pleomorphic viruses that are capable of causing viral haemorrhagic fevers predominantly in humans and non-human primates (NHPs). Within Filoviridae there are three genera: Cuevavirus , Marburgvirus and Ebolavirus . They are genetically similar to other Mononegavirales (families Paramyxoviridae , Rhabdoviridae , Filoviridae , and Bornaviridae ) but stand apart due to their unusual filamentous morphology and capacity to cause destructive and highly fatal disease in humans and NHPs.